Auschwitz was first use as a prison was to house 728 political prisoners arrested in poland who were quickly followed by 12,000 pow´s the nazi´s always intended to use auschwitz as an extermination camp for what hitler called, the final resolution. Encyclopedia of jewish and israeli history, politics and culture, with biographies, statistics, articles and documents on topics from anti-semitism to zionism. Auschwitz-birkenau is the general term for the network of nazi concentration and labor camps, established near the polish city of oswiecimtogether this complex was the largest of all the nazi death camps across europe and could hold upwards of 150,000 inmates at any given time.
Polish residents of several districts were forced to abandon their houses, as the germans wanted to keep the area around auschwitz concentration camp empty a buffer zone with the area of some 40 square kilometres (15 sq mi) was planned around the camp, and expulsions of local polish residents took place in two stages, in 1940 and 1941. Auschwitz was not only a concentration camp, but also a town called oświęcim that was renamed auschwitz in 1939 after germany invaded poland the name returned to oświęcim after the end of. Auschwitz (pronounced ow-sh-vitz) was a group of concentration camps run by nazi germany during world war ii there were three large camps at auschwitz, and 3 smaller ones (called subcamps) there were three large camps at auschwitz, and 3 smaller ones (called subcamps.
Auschwitz, also known as auschwitz-birkenau, opened in 1940 and was the largest of the nazi concentration and death camps located in southern poland, auschwitz initially served as a detention center for political prisoners. On 27 january 1945 soviet soldiers entered the gates of the auschwitz concentration camp complex in south-west poland the site had been evacuated by the nazis just days earlier. The auschwitz concentration camp was established in these former polish barracks in june, 1940 the main entrance at aushwitz read, arbeit macht frei (work will give you freedom) it gave prisoners hope — at least to start — that life would go on. Initially, auschwitz was to be one more concentration camp of the type that the nazis had been setting up since the early 1930s it functioned in this role throughout its existence, even when, beginning in 1942, it also became the largest of the death camps. Warsaw, poland—on january 27, 2015, thousands will commemorate the 70th anniversary of the liberation of auschwitz, a nazi german concentration and death camp.
Auschwitz i originally held polish political prisoners who were first sent there in may 1940 it was at auschwitz ii (birkenau), where the exterminations began in 1942 of those killed some 90% were jewish, the rest were poles, soviets, romani, sinti, jehovah's witnesses, gays, and those of mixed german blood. Auschwitz concentration camp (german: konzentrationslager auschwitz [ˈaʊʃvɪts] ) was a network of concentration and extermination camps built and operated by the third reich in polish areas annexed by nazi germany during world war ii. The largest concentration camp constructed during the second world war by the nazis, auschwitz has the dubious reputation of being the site of what is reputed to be 11 million murders between when it was built in 1940, and when it was liberated by the soviets in 1945.
Auschwitz, the largest and deadliest camp in the nazi concentration and death camp system, was located in and around the small town of oswiecim, poland (37 miles west of krakow) the complex consisted of three large camps and 45 smaller sub-camps. Located in german-occupied poland, auschwitz consisted of three camps including a killing center the camps were opened over the course of nearly two years, 1940-1942 auschwitz closed in january 1945 with its liberation by the soviet army. The auschwitz complex was an extermination camp, a labor camp, a transit camp and a concentration camp, all rolled into one auschwitz i was the main camp it was a class i concentration camp, which was opened in june 1940 in the barracks of a former polish army garrison.
On april 27, 1940, heinrich himmler ordered the construction of a new camp near oswiecim, poland (about 37 miles or 60 km west of krakow) the auschwitz concentration camp (auschwitz is the german spelling of oswiecim) quickly became the largest nazi concentration and death camp. At the most potent symbol of nazi terror, the caretakers of auschwitz-birkenau have a new job: defending history the museum at the former german death camp in southern poland said it's fighting off a rapidly escalating number of false claims. Auschwitz i aerial view of auschwitz i camp shown above is an aerial photo of kl auschwitz i, the main camp or stammlager across the top of the picture on the left is the sola river, which separates the former concentration camp from the town of auschwitz, now called oswiecim.
Auschwitz was a german nazi concentration camp during world war ii that was in operation from 1940 to 1945 it was a network of concentration and extermination camps built by the nazis in poland auschwitz i was built to house political prisoners from poland but soon auschwitz ii was being used to. All over the world, auschwitz has become a symbol of terror, genocide, and the holocaust it was established by germans in 1940, in the suburbs of oswiecim, a polish city that was annexed to the third reich by the nazis its name was changed to auschwitz, which also became the name of konzentrationslager auschwitz. The auschwitz concentration camp - the factory of death in 1939 the polish city oswiecim was occupied with the german troops and renamed as auschwitz, and the first of concentration camps - auschwitz i was based by in two-storeyed brick - built structures of the polish army artillery barracks on may 20, 1940.